IPOA is not part of the National Police Service. It is an independent authority established under the Independent Policing Oversight Authority Act (No. 35 of 2011) to provide for civilian oversight over the work of the police in Kenya. Article 244 of the Constitution requires the police to strive for the highest levels of discipline and professionalism; promote and practice transparency and accountability in execution of their duties. Under the law, IPOA holds them accountable to this standard.